Halal is an Arabic word that means permissible. It remains in referral to food as suggested in the Qur’an (the Muslim scripture) that indicates unlawful| or restricted. Halal is a widely used term that applies to all aspects of life. This term commonly used in regards to food products, animal products, beauty products, Medication, food components and also food contact products. Generally, every food is considered halal in Islam unless it particularly banned by the Qur’an or the Hadith.
The halal food items are those that are free from any ingredients that
Muslims are banned from consuming based on their Islamic law. Foods consisting of ingredients specifically gelatin, chemicals, emulsifiers, and special flavours that are suspicious because the source of these elements is not known so they are not regarded consumable.
For Halal meat, it is known in the meat industry that Muslims take up only halal meat. In the meat and chicken types of food markets, farm animals such as cows, veal, lamb, sheep, goats, chickens, etc are considered halal, but they must be prepared according to Islamic laws so their meat is well-suited for their consumption.
The fish and seafood are generally suitable for Muslims but as always examine initially, as there might be a personalised dietary choice or allergies. The preparation of the fish or seafood cannot include alcohol in it. In Australia, the Australian Federation of Islamic Councils (AFIC– the top Muslim organisation) authorises and trains Islamic slaughterhouse workers for the meat and poultry business sector for Islamic Halal meat. It is an important aspect regarding the Muslim religion and supporters justify that the process of traditional Islamic slaughter is gentle.
The Islamic process of slaughtering an animal for Halal meat is referred to as zabiha. Right after reciting the blessing, the slaughterman uses a surgically sharp-edged knife to chop the animal’s throat, windpipe and the veins almost around its neck. The blood is after that allowed to drain from pipes of the body.
Just one animal could be ritually slaughtered over at a time, and the various other animals should not watch any death. The religious policy also states exactly how the animal should not be ill-treated or caused any pain before the slaughter. It must provide with sufficient space to roam, clean drinking water, food and fresh atmosphere. All over the world there are lots of organisation who monitors the process of slaughtering in a systematic way. Like in the UK there is HMC (Halal Monitoring Committee) while in the USA there is IFANCA (Islamic Food and Nutrition Council of America).
In Australia, there is Australian Federation of Islamic Councils (AFIC– the top Muslim organisation) certifies and teaches Islamic slaughtermen for the meat and poultry industry. AFIC’s Halal Service Manager travels throughout Australia to different farms, meat and non-meat food providers, medications, cosmetic shops to conduct Islamic supervision, examination, and halal preparation. Halal items are obtained from farm animals and poultry in which possess been prepared according to Islamic law under the following statement, “In the name of God– God is the Greatest/Bismillahi Allahu Akbar”. Halal products and manufacturing are correctly split up and properly identified from non-halal items.
According to Islam, before being butchered, Allah’s(God’s) good name should be pronounced over the meat as a show of gratitude. Then an animal is slaughtered in one quick cut to its throat to assure its blood is strained from its body. It is because customs state that blood can be harmful to the person and must be avoided.
Whereas on the other hand, animals that are not slaughtered by religious means are butchered in a number of ways. Poultry, for instance, is stunned before being butchered by a machine, according to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Bigger animals, like cows, are shocked former to their throats being cut. So generally, the normal meat which is prepared for human intake is by using different sorts of stunning method compare to halal meat which is being made by Muslim law of producing halal meat.
Muslims are only permitted to eat meat that has prepared according to Islamic laws. AFIC has strict guidelines with regards to Islamic slaughter. Those conditions are:
The slaughterer should be a right-minded adult Muslim. And they must utter the name of God before executing the cut to emphasise the sacredness of life and also the animal killed for food with God’s approval.
The animal ought to be killed by cutting down the throat with one smooth motion of a razor-sharp knife.
The cut must split around two based on the throat, and the two blood vessels on both sides of the neck. The spinal cord must not cut.
Animals must properly serve be fore being slaughtered, and they must not look at other animals when executed.
The animal must be suffered to bleed out and be entirely lifeless before additional processing.Some authorities claim that the animal killed this way does not suffer in case the cut is made rapidly and efficiently, since it loses consciousness before the brain can feel any agony: “the Islamic way of slaughtering is the best humane method of slaughter and that captive bolt stunning, practised in the West, causes 3 severe pain to the animal”
Halal Certification Authority (HCA) was created to help manufacturers acquire a larger piece of the profitable Halal food industry. It aspires to be the best reputable, trustworthy professional certifier of Halal food. Founded in 1993, HCA instantly became the leading certifier in its very first year of business. HCA is still a market leader and founding member of World Halal Food Council and World Halal Council.
The process of Halal certification consists of the following steps:
The appropriate food supplier or manufacturer applies to the relevant accrediting organisation. Presenting detailed information about the raw ingredients, and additives, and the production process.
An assessment of the manufacturing site is then carried out by a certified person from the certifying organisation to identify whether all the relevant requirements are systematically being fulfilled, and a report is created. The applicant might be required to modify their manufacturing processes or ingredients to give further details about their supply chain.
A certification agreement is then concluded between the applicant and the certifying body, and Halal accreditation or certification is awarded for some time.
The cost of Halal certification in Australia:
Across the globe, the halal industry is valued at $3 trillion. In Australia, it brings in about $8.5 billion, $1.5 billion of which resides in the meat sector.
Meat manufacturing companies generally purchase their halal certification with an annual fee and a cost per package, and certifications of slaughterhouses are done 4 times a year, costing around $2,000 to $3,000 for each audit.
On April 16, 2015, after fact inspection, it was released that, an annual information report was lodged by the Supreme Islamic Council of Halal Meat in Australia Inc (SICHMA) with the Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission register. It shows the charity had an income of just over $1.5 million for the year to June 30, 2014. Most of the revenue, $1.1 million, was accreditation income and directly over $400,000 was “halal analysis”. After donations of $368,000 and business expenses, SICHMA recorded a profit of $546,000.